A: Yes, in several ways. In seven countries, atheism is punishable by death: Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Afghanistan, Sudan, Mauritania, and the Maldives. In the U.S., there are seven states with provisions in their constitutions that prohibit nontheists from holding elected office: Arkansas, Maryland, Mississippi, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and my home state of North Carolina. These provisions have been found by the courts to be unenforceable and unconstitutional (under the U.S. Constitution), but remain on the books serving as a reminder to all nontheists that their government views them prejudicially. Further, in a 2012 Gallup survey, atheists scored as the group that would be the most discriminated against by voters.